There are a number of strings instruments present dating back to 4,500 years ago. it was named as lyres of ur and Only fragments of that instrument are present now. The violin is especially famous as there is a number of tunes that can be played on as it is as easy to handle and carry around and the strings are although are somewhat similar the making of the bow and strings is an intriguing part.
The strings of the most string instrument is made by the same way.
String instrument included:-
- Double bass
These are some of the string instruments. There are a lot more than just these with some of them you have never ever heard of.
What is a violin
It’s a stringed musical instrument with a treble pitch.
A classical European violin was made in the 16th century consisting of four strings and a body of characteristic rounded shape narrowed at the middle and f shaped sound holes.
Body parts of a violin
- Back and ribs
- Soundpost and bass bar
There is a lot to cover up on a violin. like it has its own history.
How it came to existence and how it transformed into this model which we see today.
The very part of any string instrument is its strings itself as strings are capable of creating sounds That soothes our ears and heart. But we never wondered what are they are made of.
There are four strings in a violin. they are usually tuned to G,D,A and E.
The strings run from a tailpiece to the base, across a wooden bridge, continue to the neck of the instrument.
running parallel to the fingerboard, and then it is connected to the pegbox which is located at the top of the violin.
History of strings
Many strings are made up of animal intestine called catgut. There was also a popular belief that strings are made up of cat intestines but it was just a piece of false news.
Cats intestines were never used to make violin strings and these strings are used in modern as well as period music.
In recent years the “baroque” violinist seems to use them more often than any other form of a musician like later period ones or baroque musicians who play it in modern style.
How to make catgut
To prepare a catgut string, the small intestine is cleaned by freeing it from any kind of fat present in it then they are steep inside water. Later the external membrane is Scarpe of with a blunt knife. Steep the intestines again for some time in potassium hydroxide. The intestines are equalized and smooth by drawing them out.
The yield of a lean animal has the toughest gut.
Continuing the process twist the prepared gut strands together to make them into a string and After twisting and drying the gut the strings are polished to the required diameter.
The diameter of a string is depended on the diameter of individual gut and by the number of time it is used.
After drying and polishing, workers disinfect the strings using sulfur dioxide.
They dye them if is necessary and then arrange them into sizes.
bowed string instruments have one of the three things- gut, steel, or synthetic polymers. these cores can vary depending upon the manufacturer
Depending on manufacturers’ design and sound preference is depended on them too. The core is wounded with different types of metals once it is created.
the number of wound layers depends on the string’s desired sound effect. As you can imagine, strings with higher pitches are usually wound less, while low-pitched strings may have more winding layers.
The number of wound layers – and the types of metals used for this process – also affect the string’s warmth or brightness. Some, for example, may have as many as five or more layers of wound metal(s) spun around their core.
Knots or beads
Finally, when a string is finished the wound wires at the ends are left splayed out. At this point, it may or may not be wound at one end or the other or both.
This is called “silking.”
The colors are identification cues, indicating things like who their manufacturer is, the type of string(s) within the brand, and which string it is (G, D, A, or E) while Some strings are knotted or looped at the end. (usually gut-core strings or the small E string)
The rest of the strings are secured at the tail with a bronze bead.
At this point, some string manufacturers may apply a special compound to “dampen” the strings. it makes them more “play ready” right from the package.
A bow consists of a specially shaped stick with other material forming a ribbon stretched between its ends. which is used to stroke the string and create sound.
Different musical cultures have adopted various designs for the bow.
In some bows, a single cord is stretched between the ends of the stick and
in the Western tradition of bow making—bows for the instruments of the violin and viol families—a hank of horsehair are normally employed.
My take from this
violin or string instruments, in general, create a beautiful symphony which is a soothing sound that is pleasing to the ears.
Using animal intestine for the creation of such instruments is somewhat wrong. although there was no better alternative to create better string now we do know how to do it. so it is better and less violent now.