This is the list of deadliest snakes in the world. There are numerous snakes in this world spread across almost every continent and almost every nation. These snakes include being venomous and some are not. The slight difference between both of them can make a huge difference in someone’s life. They include Inland taipan, death adder, king cobra, and the black mamba.
This list is not based on the most venomous as many snake venoms have an antidote but some are just so dangerous that one can not repair from it properly (if it is spread enough).
10. Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
This is the largest rattlesnake species and is considered to be one of the heaviest venomous snake species in the world. Males are larger than females. Over 7 ft. specimen are rare but they are documented. The average size for this species is much less and specimens under 1 foot in length are rarely found. One study found out the average length of these snakes is 5.6 ft. in length. It was based on 31 Males and 43 Females. The average body weight of these rattlesnakes is 2.55 Kg while few specimens can exceed to 5.12 kg or more.
Other names for these rattlesnakes are as follows
- Eastern diamond-backed rattlesnake
- Diamondback rattlesnake
- Eastern diamond rattlesnake
These usually inhabit upland dry pine forests or sandy mixed woodlands. It seems to use burrows made by gophers or gopher tortoise.
9. Tiger Snake
Tiger snakes are highly venomous species that can be found in the southern region of Australia including coastal regions such as Tasmania. They are a large group of distinct populations, which may be isolated or overlapping with extreme variance in size and color. Individuals also show variations in color seasonally. This snake species can be found in coastal environments, wetlands, and creeks where they often form territories.
Tiger snakes give birth to 20 to 30 live young. They usually mate in the spring season. when it is warmer seasons and will give birth to live young’s in summer. The coloration includes olive, yellow, light yellow, or orange. They are typically 1.2 meters in length (3.9 ft). These snakes are usually more active on warmer nights. When threatened they flatten their bodies and raise their heads above in a classic prestrike stance.
8. Saw-scaled viper
Saw-scaled viper is also known as carpet vipers. They are found in dry regions of Africa, the Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. Their characteristic threat display is rubbing sections of their body together to produce a “sizzling” warning sound. The head is relatively small and short. It is wide and pear-shaped and distinct from the neck. The snout is short and rounded while the eyes are relatively large. The behavior of these reptiles has a distinctive threat display. Which involves forming a series of parallel, C-shaped coils.
These snakes can be fierce and will strike in this position. The size of this snake can vary from 30 cm to 90 cm (12 to 35 inch).
7. Death Adder
The death adder is a species native to Australia. It is one of the most venomous snakes all over Australia and in the world. The death adder is one of its own kind unlike many other snakes such as Cobra’s or Rattlesnakes. It has a broad flattened triangular head with a thick body and has a red, brown, black and grey, cream, or pink belly. Death adders can reach the body length of 2.3-3.3 ft (70-100 centimeters) it has an average height of 1.3 feet
The common death adder occurs over much of eastern and coastal southern Australia. They are found in forests, woodlands, grasslands, and heaths of the eastern coast of Australia. They are the master of camouflage, due to their band stripes. Death adders can hide beneath loose leaf litter and debris in woodland, shrubland, and grassland. They usually eat small mammals and birds as a primary diet.
6. Black mamba
They are highly venomous, Mature specimens of this species can exceed 2 m (6ft 7inch) and can commonly grow to 3 m (9ft 10 inch) specimens of 4.3 to 4.5 (14ft. 1 inch to 14ft 9 inch) have been reported. Its skin color varies from grey to dark brown. Juvenile black mambas tend to be paler than adults and darken with age. In a threat display, the black mamba usually opens its inky-black mouth, spreads its narrow neck-flap, and sometimes hisses.
Its venom is primarily composed of neurotoxins that often induce symptoms within ten minutes and is frequently fatal until antivenom is administered. They have a long cylindrical body. It has a coffin-shaped head with medium-sized eyes. This snake species inhabits a wide range of Sub-saharan Africa. Black mambas are agile and can move quickly. At the time of threat, any sudden movement by the intruder may provoke the snake into performing a series of rapid strikes.
5. Blue Krait
It is commonly known as Malayan Krait or Blue Krait. They may attain a total length of 108 cm (43 inches), with a tail 16 cm (6.3 inches) long. They are highly venomous and have a pattern of 27-34 dark-brown, black, or bluish-black crossbands on the body and tail, which are narrowed and rounded.
The smooth dorsal scales are arranged in 15 rows with the vertebral row much enlarged.
4. Inland taipan
They are also known as the Western taipan, the small-scaled snake or the fierce snake. The inland taipan inhabits the black soil plains in the semi-arid regions where Queensland and South Australia borders converge. The inland taipan is dark tan, ranging from a rich, dark hue to a brownish light-green, depending on season. Inland taipan averages approximately 1.8 meters (5.9ft) in total length, although larger specimens can reach total length of 2.5 meters (8.2ft).
In the wild, Inland taipan consumes only mammals mostly rodents, such as long-haired rats. Inland taipans adapt to their environment by changing the color of the skin during the seasonal changes. They tend to become lighter during the summer and darker during the winter. This seasonal color change serves the purpose of thermoregulation, allowing the snake to absorb more light in the colder months.
3. Russell’s Viper
Russell’s viper is native to the Indian subcontinent. They can grow to a maximum length of 166 cm (5.5ft) and averages about 120 cm (4ft) on mainland Asian populations. The head is flattened, triangular, and distinct from the neck. The snout is blunt, rounded, and raised. The nostrils are large, each in the middle of a large, single nasal scale. The crown of the head is covered with irregular, strongly fragmented scales.
Adults are reported to be slow and sluggish unless pushed beyond a certain limit but can are venomous. They can become very aggressive. Juveniles are tend to be more nervous. The bite of Russell’s viper may be a snap or they may hand on for some seconds.
2. Belcher’s sea snake
They are commonly known as faint-banded sea snake. These snakes are of moderate size ranging from 0.5 to 1 meter (20-40 inches) in adult length. They are usually thin and has chrome yellowish in color with dark greenish crossbands. The dorsal pattern does not extend onto the venter. The head is short and has bands of the same colors. Its mouth is very small but suitable for aquatic life.
Its scales are different from most snakes in that they overlap each other. Each dorsal scale has a central tubercle. The body is strongly laterally compressed posteriorly. The scales are very narrow and are only slightly wider than dorsal scales.
1. King Cobra
The king cobra’s skin is olive green with black and white bands on the trunk that converge to the head. Like other snakes, a king cobra receives chemical information via its forked tongue. The king cobra’s diet consist of other snakes and lizards. The king cobra has a wide distribution is South and Southeast Asia. It occurs in India and Southern Nepal to the Brahmaputra river basin in Bhutan and Northeast India.
In Northern India, King cobra can be recorded in Garhwal and Kumaon and in the Shivalik. King cobra’s defense is considered aggressive. they tend to avoids humans but is known to aggressively defend incubating eggs and attack intruders rapidly. When alarmed it raises the front part of its body while extending its hood and showing the fangs while hissing loudly.
At the End
Any snake whether in wild or not can be dangerous at some point either it can be poisonous or have a strong bite force which can be harmful and may lead to dangerous circumstances. So it’s better to avoid to pet these snakes without any professional supervisor.