platypus, also known as duck-billed, having webbed feet and is also a carnivore that looks like an otter or a beaver.

There are a lot of animal species in this world and some of them are quite rare.

You may know about a tiger, an elephant, or some other kind of species furthermore, Animals are placed in categories so that it’s easy to differentiate between certain species.

There are 6 basic animals species.

6 basic animals species

  1. Invertebrates
  2. Mammals
  3. Fish
  4. Amphibians
  5. Reptiles
  6. Vertebrates

Introduction to the Platypus

It was first encountered by the europeans in 1798. Several specimens arrived at British and Europe.The initial hunch after looking at the sketch and a pelt

leading them to think that this animal doesn’t exist at all. when”George shaw”, who saw and produced the animals first description said that

it’s impossible not to entertain doubts as to its genuine nature”.

“Robert Knox” believed that, it was made by some asian Taxidermist.

(Taxidermist;art of preserving the animals body by stuffing and to put it on display).

It was thought that someone sews the ducks beak onto a body of a beaver-like animal with webbed feet and he even took a pair of scissors to check for the stitches.

The platypus name derived from the Latinisation of a Greek word (platupous) which means flat-footed and (platus) which means broad, wide, and flat.

Duck-billed Platypus

duck-billed
duck-billed platypus underwater

The name was given to this duck-billed creature was because of its odd body shape.it is a semi-aquatic egg-laying mammal.

they are one of their kind as there are no other species that match all of its attributes although, some fossils suggest otherwise.

There is a total of five species of echidna (egg-laying mammals) and this duck-billed is one of them.

These are the only mammals that lay eggs except giving birth to the young. They sense their food through electrolocation. Except for all these extraordinary things a platypus can do it is also venomous.

Male Platypus has a spur in its hind foot that can deliver venom dangerous enough to cause severe pain to human beings.

Otter-footed,Beaver-tailed carnivore mammal

The body and tail of a platypus are covered with thick dense fur It helps the carnivore to stay warm as it traps the insulating air and this mammal uses its tail to store fat reserves while The elongated snot and lower jaw are covered in soft skin. The webbing on the feet is significant on the front and it folds while on land.

It’s been observed that platypus makes low growl noises when disturbed and other range of noises in captive.

Webbed feet mammal eyes

otter
A baby platypus with similarity of otter

In the recent studies it’s eyes are similar to the eyes of a “hagfish”.

the eyes also contains double cones which most mammals do not have. although platypus eyes are small and can not be used underwater.

It was suggested that they played an important role in its ancestors.

The corneal and the adjacent surface of the lens is flat and posterior surface of the eyes is steeply curved.

similar to the aquatic mammals otters and sea lions. features like this and many more suggest that the platypus adapted to its aquatic and nocturnal lifestyle. developing its electrosensory system at the cost of its visual system.

Surroundings to find this Otter beaver thingy

carnivore
vitruvian platypus

platypus being a semiaquatic. it inhabits small streams and rivers over an extensive range from the colh highlands of “Tasmania” to tropical rainforest of coastal “Queensland”. it is extinct in south australia and cannot be found in the main part of “Murray-darling basin”.

It is possible that it happened because of the declining water quality.

In captivity they can survive upto 17 years of age,

while in the wild expected age limited is just 11 years for this duck-billed creature.

The carnivore

Platypuses are carnivorous.

They feed

  • Annelid worms
  • Insect larvae
  • Freshwater shrimp
  • Crayfish

this carnivore digs out of riverbed with its snout and later eat on the surface.

platypus carry its food in its cheek pouches like an otter.

they have to eat almost 20% of its own weight each day. which require it looking for food for almost like 12 hours a day.

The Evolution of a platypus

The oldest fossil of the modern platypus date back to 100,000 years ago.

it was during quaternary period. The extinct monotremes thought to be closely related to the modern platypus.

This mammal is a frequent subject of study in evolutionary biology.

In 2004 it was discovered that the platypus consist of 10 sex chromosomes.unlike other mammals who only have two pair(XY).

it was found out that a platypus consist of (X1Y1X2Y2X3Y3X4Y4X5Y5).

these five unique pair of (XY) in males and (XX) in females.

A draft version of platypus genome on 8 may 2008.Revealing both mammalian and reptilian elements.

Two genes were also found which was previously found in only birds, amphibians, and fish which is more than 80% of the platypus genes are found in other mammals whose genomes are sequenced.

My take on this subject

This mammal is a weird and different creature with webbed feet.

It is a living testament that there are wide range of species yet to be found and properly studied.

The type of abilities it has is quite strange for a creature this small.

webbed feet
Just a baby platypus with webbed feet

P.s.~if you want to know more about platypus write down in the comment section.

~NIKSHAN


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