Chess has been around and among us for years. a game builds to teach about the importance of people. It is an ancient game that traveled a lot. This Two-player strategy game became one of the most popular board games in the world.
consisting of 64 squares and each assigned with a number or a letter.
this game consisting of :
its basic aim is to capture the king. to make a move which makes the king unable to move.
chess the two-player strategy ancient game
It is a two player strategy game. both the competitors sit and have a duel of mind with the given weapons on the board.
There are 8 pawns in a game. each pawn at first can move 2 boxes.
After that it can only move one box at a time.if the pawn reach to the other side of the board,
then it can turn into any piece except king. they have to be on a front side of the box to eliminate the opponent and takes its place as they can not move sideways on there on.
every game has 2 bishops one starting at the side of a king and one of a queen.each of the bishop can only move in a diagonal direction.
one bishop is on a black square and one on white square.
just like bishop a horse also start with 2 piece.
A horse always move in a L direction. it can skip any piece in front.
There are two rooks and both are at the side of a horse. rooks can move in a straight line and sideways. they can skip as much boxes as required but can not skip anyone like a horse.
The most powerful piece on the board. the queen can move in any direction.
Except of L direction. it can move diagonal like a bishop and straight like a rook.
A king can move only one box at a time. they can perform known as “castling” with a rook of any side.
But it can only be perform if both the rook and the king hasn’t move earlier in the game.
where it all begin
which means four division representing infantry,cavalry,elephant and chariots. resembling to pawns,horse,rook,queen and king.
Later on it spread to eastward and westward along the silk road.The early evidence of this game is around 600. in Persia where this game was called chatrang.it was taken up by Muslim world after the conquest of Persia.
After that it was known at shatranj.it got various names where this fame went. like “al-shatranj” or xadrez.but in the rest of Europe it was replaced by versions of the Persian shāh (“king”), which was familiar as an exclamation and became the English words “check” and “chess”.
The word “checkmate” is derived from the Persian shāh māt (“the king is helpless”).
The oldest chess artifacts were found in ancient Afrasiab (today’s Samarkand, in Uzbekistan) and the piece was made up of ivory.it was dated as 760 with some of them possibly older.
Birth of a sport
Prague-born Wilhelm Steinitz beginning in 1873 described how to avoid weakness in one’s own position and then it started as a challenge for everyone to become good in this Two-player strategic game.
He also described how to exploit such weakness in the opposition’s position. The scientific approach and positional understanding of Steinitz revolutionized the game. Steinitz was the first to break a position down into its components.
Before Steinitz. players brought their queen out early, did not completely develop their pieces.it mounted to a quick attack on the opposing king. which either succeeded or failed.
The level of defense was poor and players did not form any deep plan. Steinitz founded an important tradition:
his triumph over the leading German master Johannes Zukertort in 1886 is regarded as the first official World Chess Championship. Steinitz lost his crown in 1894 to a much younger player, the German mathematician Emanuel Lasker.
who maintained this title for 27 years, the longest tenure of any world champion. After the end of the 19th century, the number of master tournaments and matches held annually quickly grew.
the first Olympiad was held in paris in 1924.
during the age of enlightenment, chess was viewed as a method of self-improvement.
The Game of Chess is not merely an idle amusement; several very valuable qualities of the mind, useful in the course of human life, are to be acquired and strengthened by it, so as to become habits ready on all occasions;
for life is a kind of Chess, in which we have often points to gain, and competitors or adversaries to contend with, and in which there is a vast variety of good and ill events, that are, in some degree, the effect of prudence, or the want of it. By playing at Chess then, we may learn:
I. Foresight, which looks a little into futurity, and considers the consequences that may attend an action.
II. Circumspection, which surveys the whole Chess-board, or scene of action: – the relation of the several Pieces, and their situations.
III. Caution, not to make our moves too hastily and should plan them with a strategy in mind.
my take from this
Chess is a battle of brain and strategy just like a real battle. a battle taking place between 64 squares.
With a number of ways to start or end the game. It changed throughout history a lot but everything has an evolution.