we are going to talk about bees. Same bees which sting us and cause us so much pain.
But they are the same bees which provide us honey. the delicious and rich honey we can add in almost anything.
We mostly ignore the small details and sometimes animals too. but we don’t even consider to look at insects.
Insects are no doubt small and they might seem slow to us. most of us think that they are just useless and dirty.
But the thing we don’t know is that how important are they for our ecosystem.
Colonization in bees
The bees colony is divided and each type of bee is given a job to do.
There are number of types of bees in a single bee colony.
there is only one queen bee in a hive except during supersedure and swarming season. Queen bee primary function is reproduction.
she produce greatest numbers of eggs in early summer and spring. producing both fertilize and unfertilized eggs. queen bee can lay 1,500 eggs a day and 250,000 eggs each year. around 1 million in a year.
The queen bee can be identified easily as her body is longer than everyone.
Especially at egg-laying period when her abdomen is greatly elongated.
Her wings only cover two third of her abdomen while worker bees and drones nearly reach to the tip of the abdomen when folded.
queen bees can live upto 5 years. the productive time is just 2-3 years.
the second function of queen is to release pheromones which work as a social glue. this unify and help other bees to give individual identity.
Workers are the smallest and constitute of majority of the bees. they are sexually undeveloped females and cannot lay eggs in normal hive conditions.
The worker bees work consist of:
- They clean the hive
- Polish the cells
- Feed the brood
- Care for the queen
- Remove debris
- Handle incoming nectar
- Build beeswax combs
- Guard the entrance
- Air-condition and ventilate.
All of this happens in there adult hood and later they turn to field bees.
As field bees they forage there nectar,pollen,water and propolis(plant sap).the life span of the worker in the summer is about 6 weeks.
Drone (Male bees)
They are the largest bees in the colony. they are generally present during late spring and summer.
Drones don’t have stringer pollen baskets or wax glands.
The main purpose of the drones is to fertilize the virgin queen during her mating flight.
Drones become sexually mature after a week of emerging and die instantly upon mating.
Although drones perceive to have no useful work for the hive. there presence is believed to be important for the normal hive functioning.
while drones rely on workers for food they can feed by themselves once they are four days old.drones eat three time as much food as the workers. the increase in drones put a stress on the hive’s food supply.
Pollination done by honey bees
honey bees are responsible for more than 80% pollination of the cultivated crops. this includes many of the vegetables and fruits we eat but also a number of important crops. these crops includes nuts,herbs,spices oil seeds and numerous more than that. honey bees add around $15 billion to the U.S. economy each year in increased crop yields.
They fly fast
despite there small size honey bees can fly pretty fast. they fly at the speed of 15 miles per hour. all thanks go to there wings which flap at around 230 beats per second. because of this much speed they can cover up large amount of distance in a short period of time.
They use sun to navigate
bees use the position of the sun to help them navigate. there is also evidence to their sensitivity to earth’s magnetic field. they are even able to see the through the thick clouds due to their ayes are sensitive towards polarized light.
Wonder how many stomach bees got
They have total of two stomach’s.one is a regular stomach. which is used in digestion and to keep them alive. the second one is a special one. it helps them store the nectar and water. the same nectar that creates the delicious honey we eat. the second stomach is basically used to transport the nectar and water.
Bees sleeping habits
They do sleep but they don’t sleep like humans. they have a different sleeping habits. research has have to sleep for 5 to 8 hours at a time. but they just still stay during that time to conserve the energy for the much needed work afterwards.
My take from this
its surprising that a creature this small can have so much amazing qualities. they can do so much more than of a normal insect. it’s even more magnificent when you looking into their work in the hive. a proper system that’s run by the bees. they are that smart. truly amazing.
P.s~if you want me to write more on bees just drop your comments down in the box.